- Lecture 1.11: Craters and surface ages
- Lecture 1.12 Outflow channels
- Lecture 1.13 Valley networks
- Lecture 1.14 Climate cycles on Mars
- Lecture 1.15: Was early Mars warmer and wetter?
- Lecture 1.16: Atmospheric escape
- Lecture 1.17: Martian topography
- Lecture 1.18: Gammy ray spectroscopy
- Lecture 1.19: Glaciers on Mars
- Lecture 1.20: Origin of low latitude ice
Lecture 1.11: Craters and surface ages
- The link to the Hartmann paper is here (you'll go to a request form, and must put in document ID: 19730023955 and the name of the document "Martian cratering 4: Mariner 9 initial analysis of cratering chronology" and they'll send you the pdf in under 24 hours. Painful but effective.
- A much more modern update of the Hartmann paper is here, which also requires a subscription, but a Google Scholar search might help you out here.
- Wikipedia on the Late Heavy Bombardment is good.
Lecture 1.12: Outflow channels
- A list of outflow channels can be found on Wikipedia
- The USGS has great information on the channeled scablands and this site has great pictures and much detail
- Significantly more mathematical detail on channel flow
- A few papers calculating the outflow in Kasei Valles can be found here (subscription) here (non subscription, but sometimes link doesn't work; keep trying), and -- a more recent calculation -- here (subscription, but findable via Google Scholar)
Lecture 1.13: Valley networks
- A good beginning discussion of outflow channels and valley networks is here
- The Carr paper is a nice read.
- A very nice article from Emily Lakdawalla of the Planetary Society on valley networks
- A great overall review of water on Mars by Carr is worth taking the time to read.
Lecture 1.14: Climate cycles on Mars
- Here is a cute online tutorial about terrestrial Milankovitch cycles
- The Wikipedia article on terrestrial Milankovitch is nicely detailed.
- The Tourna and Wisdom paper requires a subscription, but you can find a pdf at Jack Wisdom's website
- The Laskar et al. paper requires a subscription, but a Google Scholar search turns up a pdf
Lecture 1.15: Was early Mars warmer and wetter?
Lecture 1.16: Atmospheric escape
- A nice Scientific American article on atmospheric escape throughout and beyond the solar system is here
- Wikipedia gives a good general overview without much detail
- A slideshow presentation on atmospheric escape gives details of the math
lecture 1.17: Martian topography
- The MOLA homepage is a wealth of information
- The Head et al. paper give a lot of detail on the northern plains as a potential ocean bottom
- The Di Achille and Hynek paper requires a subscription, but scrolling down through the Google Scholar links finds a pdf of a substantially similar paper
Lecture 1.18: Gamma ray spectroscopy and subsurface water
- Wikipedia, on gamma ray spectroscopy
- The Mars Odyssey Gamma Ray Spectrometer home page
- The Boyton et al. paper appears to be unavailable without a subscription even though the research was ~100% publicly funded (nope; Google Scholar now finds it). Is that right? You might have guessed my opinion by now. A graphical representation of the main results can be found here, though.
- The press release on fresh impact craters and ice
Lecture 1.19: Glaciers on Mars!
- To read more about how glaciers work on Earth, start with Wikipedia
- The two papers about glaciers on Mars can be found in a single Google Scholar search
- The SHARAD observations and the paper describing them are beautiful.
Lecture 1.20: Origin of low latitude ice