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Week 9

Additional Readings


  • There are a lot of interesting sites with reviews of why we think Europa has an ocean, such as this
  • The key piece of evidence, though, comes from the Galileo magnetometer. A detailed paper on these results can be found here.


  • The Wikipedia article appears accurate and up to date.
  • The McKay paper on astrobiological implications is fun to read.


Life on Titan

  • Wikipedia discusses and links the papers we considered
  • Has link to McKay paper

Habitable zones

  • Wikipedia has too much peripherally relevant detail and is thus hard to read
  • A simple explanation is here
  • You can view the ever-expanding gallery of planets in some version of some habitable zone here


  • I think this is a very nice review paper

M dwarfs

A mission...